Those aspects that are similar in both the cases need not be recorded, because here you are not making two case studies but only a comparison of the cases. Of course, it would be foolhardy to assert anything about a larger group, if your study consisted of just two cases.
Social scientists should undertake not to interpret survey data relating to a country about which they know little or nothing.
However, the methods for statistical analysis of data inherent in quantitative research are still helpful in establishing correlations in comparative studies. Be inventive and broad-ranging as you collect examples in Comparative research to avoid provincial biases and assumptions that may be inherent to industry products.
Where new studies are being carried out, it should, theoretically, be possible to replicate the research design and use the same concepts and parameters simultaneously in two or more countries on matched groups.
Comparing large quantities of data especially government sourced is prevalent. Episteme, as a form and activity in the field of logos, marked the break of cognitive closure and advanced empirical inquiry, logical argumentation and the search for truth.
Such studies might seek to compare, for example, large amounts of demographic or employment data from different nations that define or measure relevant research elements differently. Running records are ongoing series of statistical or other sorts of data, such as census data, ship's registries, property deeds, etc.
Irrespective of the organisational structure of the research, a shift is occurring in emphasis away from descriptive, universalist and 'culture-free' approaches to social phenomena. References University of Surrey: In exploratory study it often happens that you need gradually add new aspects of comparison, or have to redefine them when your knowledge of the object increases.
These studies analyze the similarities and differences between these two groups in an attempt to better understand both groups. It instead occupies itself with middle-range theories that do not purport to describe our social system in its entirety, but a subset of it. Globalization has been a major factor, increasing the desire and possibility for educational exchanges and intellectual curiosity about other cultures.
Historical researchers that oppose them Skocpol, Summers, others argue that Kiser and Hechter do not suggest many other plausible general theories, and thus it seems as though their advocacy for general theories is actually advocacy for their preferred general theory.
In other words, the goal is to generalize the findings. In general, however, the only thing that is certain in comparative research issues is the existence of differences to be analysed. The main focus of her research is cross-national theory, method and practice, particularly with reference to social policy.
Nonspuriousness says that the association between two variables is not because of a third variable. Kiser and Hecter do acknowledge that this is a growing field and that their perspective may change in the future.
Since much of the international work carried out at European level is not strictly comparative at the design and data collection stages, the findings cannot then be compared systematically.
Accessing comparable data In many European projects, national experts are required to provide descriptive accounts of selected trends and developments derived from national data sources. Whatever the method adopted, the researcher needs to remain alert Comparative research the dangers of cultural interference, to ensure that discrepancies are not forgotten or ignored and to be wary of using what may be a sampling bias as an explanatory factor.
If these problems go unresolved, they are likely to affect the quality of the results of the whole project, since the researcher runs the risk of losing control over the construction and analysis of key variables.
Comparative studies can be used to increase understanding between cultures and societies and create a foundation for compromise and collaboration.Comparative methods Logic of comparative methods is similar to what drives the attempts to control for other explanations in experimental and statistical analysis Crucial difference is that comparative methods are used when there are insufficient cases to use the statistical method Lijphart (): CM as first stage of research in which.
Comparative historical research is a method of social science that examines historical events in order to create explanations that are valid beyond a particular time and place, either by direct comparison to other historical events, theory building, or reference to the present day.
National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR). Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may not use the same categories, or define categories differently.
comparative research, cases have been preselected due to historical and political processes.
In small-N case studies, the selection of cases is oftendeliberate and. Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures.
A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may not use the same categories, or define categories differently.Download